Posts Tagged ‘National Heritage Day’

Iye Aenda!

Zimflag

Today every seasoned political commentator is giving an opinion regarding Zimbabwe, infact, everyone thinks they have a solid political view about Zimbabwe. Well, I am not too good at political commentary, nor am I seasoned for that matter. Even in my own country I shy away from political debates because honestly one can never know enough to swear by any formidable viewpoint. However, being a Pan Africanist at heart who keenly reads about the history of Africa, particular southern Africa, starting from the Bantu migration to colonization, liberation and to where we are today, I felt I should express my sentiments regarding today’s events.

It is really with a jubilant heart that I pen this piece. Seeing an African child freeing herself from the shackles inherited from colonial chains. One would say, Mugabe’s resignation today has nothing to do with colonialisation, when infact it has everything to do with it. It feels surreal to experience something like this in my lifetime. Africa still battles to free herself from the resolutions taken at the Berlin conference. Now I sort of get a glimpse of how it felt when independence was gained, Mandela coming out of prison or when heroes like Sankara, Samora, etc were vindicated. I was too young to comprehend some of them – what a time to be alive indeed!

The country is graduating from a post-colonial evolution (if such a term exists). When ZANU PF displaced Ian’s Smith government, it was through guerrilla warfare, and therefore, power was conceded to heroes of war essentially. Some chose to remain in the barracks while others exchanged their uniforms for suits in parliament. This is evident in the hand the military has played in managing the political affairs of the country. It does seem that their latest intervention in November 2017 was a far more progressive one since 1980. Zimbabwe has graduated from a stale-mate in governance, where the leaders of the liberation movement act like they own the country and it’s people due to their struggle efforts. In the process, imposing deeper struggles and scars for their own people. South Africa is yet to graduate from that class. 1994 saw liberation for South Africans, and the champions of that liberation have adopted an entitled stance to the country and resources. One would say former president Mugabe should have taken a page out of Nelson Mandela’s book and give the power back to the people. However Mandela never had much power to give back now, did he?

I digress. I should not make this about South Africa, and unfortunately we have a tendency to make everything about us. It is to be noted that our destinies with our neighbors are all intertwined, from the Mapungumbwe civilization, the effects of the Mfecane displacements in the region, to the establishment of areas like Bulawayo, Gaza (in Mozambique), Bechuanaland, up to present day boundaries. Our victories belong to Africa. Yesterday Kenya, fell into a deeper regression, and today Zimbabwe rises out of it.

The point of the article is to really celebrate her victory taking another step forward. Nobody really knows what the future holds, but one thing for sure is that Zimbabwe is on a path of finding out. I deeply celebrate this era mainly because there is so much that this country has accomplished compared to most African states. First of all, they have set the bar in the history of coups! Not a single bullet fired, then comes the most peaceful uprising I have ever heard of. On the 18 November 2017, not even a match stick was reported missing during the mass demonstration. Most importantly, Zimbabwe is the only country in Africa, which owns their land. It may be in the hands of few, but the African land is in the name of black Africans. We on the other hand, still need a name. The country has a literacy rate of over 90% and their means of production are owned internally. A lot of good, raw, material is in place for the construction of a masterpiece. Your children will reap what you will sow from this point on.

The game plan from now should be for greed to fall; learning who to trust and above all trusting yourselves as a nation to unite and rebuild. My plea is for everyone around you to allow you to forge your own solutions, SADC and the world at large. Can we just all continue minding our business as we have been doing for the past 37 years while Zimbabweans were working at their salvation. I will not comment on transition governments and democracy because I am not too learned on that. However I am very learned in HOPE. Hope never disappoints. You have stood for the longest time in hope that things will change someday and indeed that day has come. Even the pioneers of democracy are not getting it right, so don’t pressure yourself too much, it will take time. Seek out integrity; she will be your guide. Africa looks up to you. May God’s light continue to shine on you.

In the words of the esteemed Cde Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe: “iAfrika, Izwe Lethu”. ALUTA Contunia!

“There are decades where nothing happens, and there are days where decades happen”- unknown

 

 

It’s not Braai day

So a friend asked me what my plans  for National Braai day were, and my response to her was that, I don’t normally braai on Wednesdays, so I guess I’ll just be sleeping my free day away.

I understand that National braai day is a day where we’re celebrating something we all share in common, I mean every South Africans loves a lekker braai! Yes a braai is a strong part of South African culture, but it’s not the only one, so can someone please explain to me why is it celebrated separately- on the same day? Isn’t the title; “National Heritage Day” enough to accommodate this culture as well?

Your heritage gives you identity, and the more you forget it, the less you remember who you are. I fear the day, 20 years from now, where your children will be bringing wors and chops to school to celebrate national braai day on 24 September, and wouldn’t even have the slightest clue what national heritage day is all about. Whatever we want the future to be, we need to start shaping it today. Our children need to embrace being African and know where we come from as a continent. You cannot instill cultural pride in a child through osmosis, they need to see you embrace it and live it and only then will they imitate it. So while you’re busy having a braai on National Heritage day, consider what picture you’re painting, and don’t forget that someone is making a whole lot of money from meat sales on the other side. Think about it.

I think branding Heritage day to national braai day is an insult to African culture and the perfect money making scheme. Breweries and butcheries absolutely enjoy watching black people being gullible while they pocket millions. I say black people because during heritage day, we always dressed up in our traditional attire and cooked traditional African food. So if you’re gona substitute that menu with a chop, Checkers will not stop you buddy!

I’m in no way attempting to be racist, but 24 September is an indigenous African holiday. It’s original name before Heritage day, was Shaka’s day, which commemorated the strength and the bravery of the Zulu warrior, whose army was the only one Queen Victoria was worried about during the Anglo war. At this day it might seem primitive to celebrate some tribal King who won a battle and not a war, but it is part of who we are and that portion of history can never be erased from our calendar and our DNA. Heritage day, was an inclusive definition to accommodate all the indigenous African cultures and I think it should end at that. National braai is really pushing the name way outside of its original context

Since the dawn colonization in Africa, Europeans made an effort to erode the African off his identity. We were taught how to dress, speak English, worship their Gods, despise our own, discriminated against and made to doubt our humanity through apartheid, etc. I am not despising everything the white man brought to Africa, geesh, how could I? Their stuff is awesome. BUT African child, you cannot substitute who you because of what others bring to you.

Let those who want to celebrate braai day do so with the outmost pleasure, but you should not allow it to overshadow your celebration of identity and all things colorful. I can celebrate National braai day on any other South African holiday, I can even host the event, but please not on my Zulu day. No thanks.

Proud Zulu girl

Battle of Isandlwana – Heritage day 2013

I decided to celebrate Heritage day by sharing a little bit about my home town, Nqutu in KwaZulu Natal.  My entire paternal family is from there and I have spent half, if not most, of my life in NTU. The stars are always brighter that side, which makes it one of my favourite places to visit!

Nqutu

data=VLHX1wd2Cgu8wR6jwyh-km8JBWAkEzU4,kdR3Gzi_WLW5rIJgPfXmJHY6YtKK5imfw

Nqutu is a small, beautiful town in Northern Kzn with temperamental weather. It is composed of many rural villages such as Nondweni, Qhudeni, Sandlwana, Maduladula, etc. I come from a village called eZinkondlwaneni, which is somewhat closer to the town’s civilization. The name ‘Nqutu’ is derived from ingqutu, ‘flat-topped vessel’, descriptive of a nearby hill from which the village takes its name.

Nqutu is about 85km’s from Dundee, 70km from Vryheid, some 40km’s from Rorkes drift and 54 km’s from Blood river. Nqutu is famous for producing prominent maskandi artists such as Mgqumeni and Izingane zoma. And it is also home to the very first iNyanga to purchase an aeroplane (Mr Sosobala Mbatha). But the most famous and historic site is the Isandlwana Mountain (home to the Isandlwana Battlefied). Nqutu is actually in close proximity to several battlefields from the Anglo-Zulu_War (11 January-4 July 1879). Within a 100km radius of Nqutu,  there is the Rorkes drift battlefield, Hlobane battlefield, Isandlwana battlefield, Bloodriver battlefield (eNcome), Khambula Battlefield and Hlobane Battlefield.

ntu

Nqutu’s population is scattered, and quiet youthful, with only 5% over 65 years. Males make up 45% of population with the remaining 55% being female. In 2011, the total population was 165,307 and the official unemployment rate is 44%. It is governed by the uMzinyathi district municipality. Since we’re celebrating National Heritage day, allow me to share a bit on Nqutu’s most prominent heritage site;

Isandlwana Battlefield

The battle of Isandlwana was documented on 22 January 1879 and it was between Zulu warrior and British soldiers. This battlefield is significant because the shape of the mountain is that of a hut (Indlu-hut, Isandlwana- like a small hut). This gave Zulu warriors an advantage over their British opponents. Also on the day of the battle it is documented that a solar eclipse occurred while the battle was on (around 14h29pm). The Battle of Isandlwana reflects one of the greatest victories the Zulu Nation tasted over the British. On the 22nd January 1879 the British Camp was attacked and overrun by some 12 000 Zulus, leaving approximately 1357 Imperial soldiers, Colonial Volunteers and Native Levies dead on the slopes of the hillside below this “Sphinx” shaped hill. Cairns or rocks mark places where the British soldiers were later buried.

This battle stunned the world. It was unthinkable that a “native” army armed substantially with stabbing weapons could defeat the troops of a western power armed with modern rifles and artillery, let alone wipe it out. Until news of the disaster reached Britain the Zulu War was just another colonial brushfire war of the sort that simmered constantly in many parts of the worldwide British Empire. The complete loss of a battalion of troops, news of which was sent by telegraph to Britain, transformed the nation’s attitude to the war.

Full view

Battle Stats:

Combatants: Zulu army against a force of British troops, Natal units and African levies.

Generals: Lieutenant Colonel Pulleine of the 24th Foot and Lieutenant Colonel Durnford commanded the British force at the battle. The Zulu Army was commanded by Chiefs Ntshingwayo kaMahole and Mavumengwana kaMdlela Ntuli.

Size of the armies: The British force comprised some 1,600 men. It is likely that they were attacked by around 12,000 Zulus.

Uniforms, arms and equipment: The Zulu warriors were formed in regiments by age, their standard equipment the shield and the stabbing spear. The formation for the attack, described as the “horns of the beast”, was said to have been devised by Shaka, the Zulu King who established Zulu hegemony in Southern Africa. The main body of the army delivered a frontal assault, called the “loins”, while the “horns” spread out behind each of the enemy’s flanks and delivered the secondary and often fatal attack in the enemy’s rear. Cetshwayo, the Zulu King, fearing British aggression took pains to purchase firearms wherever they could be bought. By the outbreak of war the Zulus had tens of thousands of muskets and rifles, but of a poor standard, and the Zulus were ill-trained in their use.

Isandlwana battlefield

The regular British infantry were equipped with the breach loading single shot Martini-Henry rifle and bayonet. The British infantry wore red tunics, white solar topee helmets and dark blue trousers with red piping down the side. The irregular mounted units wore blue tunics and slouch hats.

Winner: The British force was wiped out by the Zulu Army.

The battle was a decisive victory for the Zulus and caused the defeat of the first British invasion of Zululand. The British Army had suffered its worst defeat against a technologically inferior indigenous force. Isandlwana resulted in the British taking a much more aggressive approach in the Anglo–Zulu War, leading to a heavily reinforced second invasiion and the destruction of King Cetshwayo’s hopes of a negotiated peace

In conclusion

It is quiet sad that I write about these historic heritage sites in my hometown, and I have never been to visit them myself. I’ve driven past there, many, many times. But I have never stopped to think, and embrace what they signify in who we are as a Zulu nation. We eventually lost the war, but the cunning, strong, passionate spirit is within all of us as a tribe. Africa, my beginning, Africa my ending. It makes me wonder how things would be today if such invasions never occurred. Was it necessary change?… I wonder. Next time I go home, I will make sure I visit one of these battlefields and maybe have a braai afterwards to celebrate with my neighbors.

Happy Heritage day to everybody :)!

Signed:

A Proud Zulu girl

 

 

References

http://www.battlefieldsregionguides.co.za/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blood_River

http://www.britishbattles.com/zulu-war/isandlwana.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Isandlwana